To what extent will the UK’s main trading partners adopt a more protectionist stance? How could this affect trade negotiations going forward


Our remit is global and our interests correspondingly wide. The below are indicative rather than fully comprehensive questions of relevance for our work and are arranged into ten overlapping categories.

The dynamic nature of world events and diplomatic work around them mean that we often need research based insights to help anticipate, shape, manage and benefit from unfolding developments and possible futures. The synthesised expertise of researchers can help us make judgements in a policy environment where experimental trials and replicable results are often impossible or inappropriate.

Because time can be of the essence we value emerging results and insights shared via updates, short events, websites and similar, in advance of peer reviewed articles.

Next steps

Get in touch with


This question was published as part of the set of ARIs in this document:

FCO Areas of research interest coronavirus COVID 19 update May 2020 GOVUK

Related UKRI funded projects

  • UK in a Changing Europe Fellowship

    What types of trade agreements should the UK join post-Brexit? The world trading system, comprised of multilateral, mega-regional, and bilateral trade agreements offers multiple paths forward for the future of UK trade. ...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Cambridge

    Why might this be relevant?

    The project investigates the types of trade agreements the UK should join post-Brexit, which partially addresses the question about the UK's main trading partners adopting a protectionist stance.

  • Centre for Inclusive Trade Policy

    For the first time in 50 years the UK has 'sovereignty' over its trade policy. It must now decide, for example, how to configure its free trade agreements, its regulations for imported food and digital trade and its trad...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Sussex

    Why might this be relevant?

    The project focuses on the development of inclusive trade policies for the UK, which could indirectly address the potential protectionist stance of the UK's main trading partners.

  • Machine Learning in International Trade Research - Evaluating the Impact of Trade Agreements

    International trade is of vital importance for modern economies, and governments around the world try to shape their countries' exports and imports through numerous interventions. Given the problems facing trade negotiat...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Surrey

    Why might this be relevant?

    The project evaluates the impact of trade agreements using machine learning, which could provide insights into how protectionist stances may affect trade negotiations.

  • Transformations in Global Economic Governance: Integration via Free Trade Agreements

    The seminar series aims to generate new research, create networks, foster capacity building and user engagement by providing an interdisciplinary forum for debate and discussion on: (a) the regulatory, economic and socia...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: Bournemouth University

  • The Economic Impacts of Post-Brexit Trade Options

    The UK's exit from the European Union presents policymakers with an unprecedented set of challenges, risks and opportunities. Perhaps nowhere are these more significant than in the decisions that the UK will have to make...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: Institute for Fiscal Studies

  • Unlocking the potential for future India-UK trade and development

    This project aims at understanding which factors stimulate or hamper economic relations between the UK and India. Both countries are important markets for each other's exporters and investors, and it is imperative to unl...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Sussex

  • Creating a Progressive Canada-UK Free Trade Agreement: Gaining Civil Support in a Post-Brexit World

    This research comprehensively assesses strategies to strengthen support for an inclusive and progressive Canada-UK FTA in a post-Brexit context. Canada and the United Kingdom (UK) have prospered from a productive commerc...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Sussex

  • Post-Brexit trade and investment: explaining the issues, formulating trade agreements and understanding the effect on UK foreign direct investment

    This proposal describes three exercises designed to advance the public understanding of and policy-making engagement with the Brexit process. Video Explainers: Since early 2017, the UKTPO has produced four three-minute...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Sussex

  • Aggregation in Gravity-Based Estimation: Theory, Evidence and Policy Implications

    International trade forms a vital part of modern economies. Likewise, many aspects of government policy are directed towards influencing international trade. For instance, governments may join trade agreements, enter cur...

    Funded by: ESRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Warwick

Similar ARIs from other organisations