What are the levels and drivers of serious organised crime and the illicit economy in prisons, including drugs, psychoactive substances, and mobile phones?


We want to provide decent, safe and secure accommodation that supports individuals in their rehabilitation. We want to reduce levels of violence and self-harm and develop the evidence on what structures and interventions can help improve outcomes for individuals in prison.

Next steps

We can be contacted at the following email address: evidence_partnerships@justice.gov.uk.


This question was published as part of the set of ARIs in this document:

Areas of research interest

Related UKRI funded projects

  • Insights on the natural history of problem drug user (PDU) offending

    Background. Problem drug use (PDU) is thought to be the cause of a very high level of social and economic costs - the total costs of Class A drug use in England and Wales have been estimated to be over £15 billion ...

    Funded by: MRC

    Lead research organisation: University of Manchester

    Why might this be relevant?

    The project explores the drug-crime link, which is related to the illicit economy in prisons, but does not specifically address organized crime or other aspects of the question.

  • Prison Regulation, for Safer Societies: Participatory, Effective, Efficient?

    In May 2019, Dutch courts refused to deport an English suspected drug smuggler, citing the potential for inhuman and degrading treatment at HMP Liverpool. This well publicised judgment illustrates the necessity of my FLF...

    Funded by: UKRI

    Lead research organisation: University of Nottingham

    Why might this be relevant?

    The project focuses on prison regulation and safety, which may indirectly address drivers of organized crime and the illicit economy, but does not directly answer the question.

Similar ARIs from other organisations