Adaptation and resilience: Defra is the lead government department for climate adaptation, responsible for the assessment of appropriate action to protect and enhance natural and human systems in a changing climate. Also, for increasing resilience and mitigating against risk. Such assessment is used in many areas, including for the statutory requirement of the Climate Change Act to produce a 5-yearly, “Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) and National Adaptation Programme (NAP)”.
Although Defra has overarching responsibility for producing the CCRA and is responsible for managing several climate risks (such as impact on the natural environment), a number of climate risks (such as the impact on transport, health, business) are the responsibility of other government departments (for example Department for Transport (DfT), Department for Health (DfH), Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG).
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This question was published as part of the set of ARIs in this document:
Assessment of the potential impact of future climate change on human health and well-being (the latter via effects on animal health) is hindered by the sheer number of pathogens, their diversity, varied linkages to clima...
Funded by: NERC
Lead research organisation: University of Liverpool
The project focuses on assessing the impact of climate change on human and animal health by analyzing pathogens and their linkages to temperature and moisture levels, which directly relates to the question's focus on climate change and infectious diseases.
The rise of emerging infectious diseases during the past 50 years constitutes a major global public health and economic problem, and is due in part to globalization, displacement of indigenous populations and alterations...
Funded by: MRC
Lead research organisation: University of Oxford
The project is relevant as it investigates the impact of ecological variables on the emergence and spread of pathogens, which is related to the question's focus on climate change and infectious diseases.
Policy-makers urgently need medium- and long-term forecasts for SARS-CoV-2, but we are currently ignorant of the virus' seasonal dynamics. In the absence of data, forecasters have been forced to assume that SARS-CoV-2 wi...
Funded by: NERC
Lead research organisation: Imperial College London
The project is relevant as it explores the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 transmission rates, seasonality, and environmental factors, which aligns with the question's focus on climate change and infectious diseases.